A Preliminary Bibliography on
Confession in the Middle Ages

compiled by Albrecht Diem

 

If you know of any relevant scholarly works on the history of confession, please send me an e-mail and I will add your titles to the bibliography: adiem@maxwell.syr.edu.

 

Anciaux, Paul, Le sacrament de la pénitence, Louvain: Nauwelaerts 1960.

Angenendt, Arnold, Geschichte der Religiosität im Mittelalter, Darmstadt: Primus Verlag 2009. 

Arendt, Hans-Peter, Bußsakrament und Einzelbeichte. Die tridentinischen Lehraussagen über das Sündenbekenntnis und ihre Verbindlichkeit für die Reform des Bußsakramentes, Freiburg: Herder 1981.

Asmussen, Jes P., Isnard Wilhelm Frank, Ernst Bezzel, Helmut Obst and Manfred Mezger, Beichte I. Religionsgeschichtlich II. Mittelalter III. Reformationszeit IV. Neuzeit V. Praktisch-theologisch, in: Theologische Realenzyklopädie 5 (1980), pp. 411–439.

Avril, Joseph, ‘A propos du “proprius sacerdos”: quelques réflexions sur les pouvoir du prêtre de paroisse; in: Stephan Kuttner and Kenneth Pennington (eds.), Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law, Vatican City 1980, pp.  471–486.

Avril, Joseph, ‘Remarques sur un aspect de la vie religieuse paroissiale : la pratique de la confession et de la communion du Xe au XIVe siècle’, in: L’Encadrement religieux des fidèles au moyen-âge et jusqu’au concile de Trente, Paris: Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques 1985, 345-363.

Bachrach, David S., ‘Confession in the Regnum Francorum (742-900): the sources revisited’, in: Journal of Ecclesiastical History 54:1 (2003), pp. 3-22.

Bachrach, David S., ‘Lay confession to priests in light of wartime practice (1097-1180)’, in: Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique 102:1 (2007), pp. 76-99.

Baldwin, John W., ‘From ordeal to confession: in search of lay religion in early thirteenth century France’, in: Peter Biller and Alastair J. Minnis (eds.), Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages (York Studies in Medieval Theology, 2), Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer 1998, pp. 191-209.

Baloup, Daniel, ‘Enseignement et pratiques du salut en Castille à la fin du Moyen Âge’, in: Daniel Baloup (ed.), L’enseignement religieux dans la Couronne de Castille. Incidences spirituelles et sociales (XIIIe-XVe siècle), Madrid: Casa de Velázquez 2003, pp. 105-123.

Barlow, Frank, The English church 1000-1066: a constitutional, London: Longman 1966.

Barlow, Frank, The English church, 1066-1154, London: Longmans 1979.

Berlioz, Jacques, ‘Images de la confession dans la prédication au début du XIVe siècle. L'exemple de l'Alphabetum narrationum d'Arnold de Liège », en collaboration avec Colette Ribaucourt’, in: Groupe de la Bussière, Pratiques de la confession. Des Pères du désert à Vatican II. Quinze études d'histoire, Paris: Cerf 1983, p. 95-115.

Berlioz, Jacques, ‘Les ordalies dans les exempla de la confession (XIIIe-XIVe siècles)’, in:  L’Aveu: Antiquité et Moyen Age: Actes de la Table ronde organisée par l’Ecole française de Rome avec le concours du CNRS et de l'Université de Trieste - Rome, 28-30 mars 1984, Rome: Ecole française de Rome 1986, pp. 315-340.

Berlioz, Jacques,‘‘Quand dire c'est faire dire’. Exempla et confession chez Étienne de Bourbon († vers 1261)’, in: Faire croire. Modalités de la diffusion et de la réception des messages religieux du XIIIe au XVe siècle. Actes de la Table ronde de Rome, 22-23 juin 1979, Rome : École française de Rome, 1981, p. 299-335.

Bernstein, Alan E., ‘Teaching and preaching confession in thirteenth-century Paris’, in: Alberto Ferreiro (ed.), The Devil, Heresy and Witchcraft in the Middle Ages: Essays in Honor of Jeffrey B. Russell (Cultures, Beliefs and Traditions: Medieval and Early Modern Peoples, 6), Leiden: Brill 1998, pp. 111-130.

Biller, Peter and Alastair J. Minnis (eds.) Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages, Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer 1998.

Biller, Peter, ‘Confession in the Middle Ages: introduction’ in: Peter Biller and Alastair J. Minnis (eds.), Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages (York Studies in Medieval Theology, 2), Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer 1998, pp. 3-33.

Biller, Peter, ‘Confessors’ manuals and the avoiding of offspring’, in: Peter Biller and Alastair J. Minnis (eds.), Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages (York Studies in Medieval Theology, 2), Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer 1998, pp. 165-187.

Bilstein, Johannes, ‘Die Beichte und ihre Bedeutung im Sozialisierungsprozess’, in: Zeitschrift fuer Erziehungswissenschaft 3:4 (2000), pp. 609-628.

Black, Jonathan, ‘Psalm use in Carolingian prayer books: Alcuin’s Confessio peccatorum pura and the seven Penitential Psalms’, in: Mediaeval Studies 65 (2003), pp. 1-56.

Bossy, J., ‘The Social History of Confession in the Age of Reformation’, in: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th series, 25 (1975), pp. 21–38.

Boyle, Leonard E, ‘The Fourth Lateran Council and manuals of popular theology’, in: Thomas J. Heffernan (ed.), Popular Literature of Medieval England, Knoxville, Tenn: University of Tennessee Press 1985, pp. 30-43. 

Braeckmans, Louis, Confession et communion: au Moyen Âge et au Concile de Trente, Gembloux: J. Duculot 1971.

Broggio Paolo, ‘Le congregazioni romane e la confessione dei neofiti del Nuovo Mondo tra facultates e dubia: riflessioni e spunti di indagine’, in: Ch. de Castelnau-L’Estoile and G. Pizzorusso (eds.), Administrer les sacrements en Europe et au Nouveau Monde : La Curie romaine et les Dubia circa Sacramenta, Rome: Mélanges de l’Ecole française de Rome, Italie et Méditerranée 121:1 (2009), pp. 173-197.

Brooks, Peter, Troubling confessions: speaking guilt in law & literature, Chicago: University of Chicago Press 2001.

Cels, Marc B., ‘Interrogating anger in the new penitential literature of the thirteenth century’, in: Viator: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 45:1 (2014), pp. 203-219.

Cels, Marc, ‘Reconciling mendicant and secular confessors in late medieval England’, in: Journal of Medieval History 38 (2012), pp. 225-243.

Cobianchi, Roberto, ‘The practice of confession and Franciscan Observant churches: new architectural arrangements in early Renaissance Italy’, in: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 69:3 (2006), pp. 289-304.

 Constable, Giles, ‘Monasteries, Rural Churches and the Cura animarum in the Early Middle Ages’ in: Cristianizzazione ed organizzazione ecclesiastica delle campagne nell'alto medioevo.  Espansione e resistenze (Settimane di studio del Centro italiano di studi sull'alto medioevo, 28, 10-16 aprile 1980, Spoleto: Centro italiano di studi sull'Alto Medioevo 1982, pp. 349-389.

Cornwell, John, The Dark Box. A Secret History of Confession, London: Profile Books 2014.

Dahlstedt, Magnus and Andreas Fejes, Confessing society: Foucault, confession and practices of lifelong learning, London: Routledge, 2014.

De Boer, Wietse, The Conquest of the Soul: Confession, Discipline, and Public Order in Counter- Reformation Milan, Leiden: Brill 2001.

De Jong, Mayke, ‘Transformations of Penance’, in: Frans Theuws and Janet L. Nelson (eds.), Rituals of Power From Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages, Leiden/Boston/Cologne: Brill 2000, pp. 185-224.

Delen, Karijn, ‘Dronkenschap, ontucht en moord: over Karolingische invloeden op biecht en boetedoening in tiende-eeuws Engeland’, in: Madoc: Tijdschrift over de Middeleeuwen 14:2 (2000), pp. 66-75.

Desprez, Vincent, ‘Messe conventuelle, communion, piété eucharistique dans le communautés religieuses féminines. Le personnel clérical masculin au service des communautés religieuses féminines (IVe-XVIIe siècle)’, in: Lettre de Ligugé 323 (2008), pp. 37-42.

Diekstra, F. N. M, ‘Confessor and penitent: Robert de Sorbon and the cura animarum’, in: Mediaeval Studies 71 (2009), pp. 157-196.

Diem, Albrecht, ‘Das Ende des monastischen Experiments. Liebe, Beichte und Schweigen in der regula cuiusdam ad virgines (mit einer Übersetzung im Anhang)’, in: Gert Melville and Anne Müller (eds.), Female vita religiosa between Late Antiquity and the High Middle Ages. Structures, developments and spatial contexts, Münster/Berlin: LIT-Verlag 2011 (Vita Regularis, Abhandlungen, vol. 47), pp. 81-136.

Dietl, Cora and Titus Knäpper (eds.), Rules and Violence/Regeln und Gewalt. On the Cultural History of Collective Violence from Late Antiquity to the Confessional Age, Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter 2014.

Dillon, Janette, ‘Holy women and their confessors or confessors and their holy women? Margery Kempe and continental tradition’, in: Rosalynn, Voaden (ed.), Prophets Abroad: The Reception of Continental Holy Women in Late-Medieval England, Cambridge: D.S. Brewer 1996, pp. 115-140.

Dooley, K., ‘From Penance to Confession: The Irish Contribution’, in: Bijdragen: Tijdschrift voor filosofie en theologie 43 (1982), pp. 390-411.

Dörries, Herman, ‘The Practice of Confession in Ancient Monasticism’, in: Studia Patristica 5 (1962), pp. 284-311.

Dörries, Hermann, ‘Die Beichte im alten Mönchtum’, in: id., Wort und Stunde. Gesammelte Studien zur Kirchengeschichte des vierten Jahrhunderts, vol. 1, Göttingen 1966, pp. 225-250.

Dudley, Martin R., ‘Sacramental liturgies in the Middle Ages’, in: Thomas J. Heffernan (ed.), The Liturgy of the Medieval Church, Kalamazoo, Mich.: Medieval Institute Publications 2001, pp. 215-243.

Dunn, Marilyn, ‘Paradigms of penance’, in: Journal of Medieval Monastic Studies 1 (2012), pp. 17-39.

Elliott, Dyan, ‘Women and confession: from empowerment to pathology’, in: Mary C. Erler (ed.), Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages, Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press 2003, pp. 31-51.

Engelbrecht, Edward, ‘God's milk: an orthodox confession of the Eucharist’, in: Journal of Early Christian Studies 7:4 (1999), pp. 509-526.

Feistner, Edith, ‘Zur Semantik des Individuums in der Beichtliteratur des Hoch- und Spätmittelalters’, in: Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie 115:1 (1996), pp. 1-17.

Fejes Andreas and Katherine Nicoll, Foucault and a politics of confession in education, London: Routledge 2015.

Fervers, Carl, ‘Psychoanalyse und Beichte’, in: Archive for the Psychology of Religion 9:1 (1967), pp. 322-333.

Firey, Abigail (ed.), A New History of Penance, Leiden: Brill 2008.

Firey, Abigail, ‘Blushing before lhe Judge and Physician: Moral Arbitration in the Carolingian Empire’, in: Abigail Firey (ed.), A New History of Penance, Leiden: Brill 2008, pp. 173-200.

Firey, Abigail, ‘Introduction’, in: Abigail Firey (ed.), A New History of Penance, Leiden: Brill 2008, pp. 1-18.

Fontanier, Jean-Michel, ‘Les Confessions d'Augustin: confession, conscience, conversion’, in: Revue des études latines 77 (2000), pp. 276-292.

Ford, Judy Ann, ‘The autonomy of conscience: images of confession in Mirk's Festial’, in: Renaissance and Reformation, Renaissance et Réforme 23:3 (1999), pp. 5-27.

Forshaw, H.P. ‘The Priest Confessor in the Early Middle Ages, 600-1100’, unpublished PhD thesis, University of London 1976.

Foucault, Michel, The History of Sexuality, vol. 1, New York: Pantheon Books 1978.

Frank, Isnard W., ‘Beichte (Mittelalter)’, in: Theologische Realenzyklopädie, vol. 5, Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter 1980, pp. 414-421.

Frantzen, Allen J., ‘The significance of the Frankish penitentials’, in: Journal of Ecclesiastical History 30 (1979), pp. 409–421.

Freund, Alexander, ‘“Confessing Animals”: Toward a Longue Durée History of the Oral History Interview’, in: Oral History Review 41:1 (2014), pp. 1-26.

Friesen, Norm, ‘Confessional technologies of the self: From Seneca to social media’, in: First Monday 22:6 (2017), pp. 1-3.

Gaastra, Adriaan ‘Een biechtritueel uit Montecassino’, in: Madoc: Tijdschrift over de Middeleeuwen 17:2 (2003), pp. 86-94.

Gillis, Matthew Bryan, ‘Confessions and the Creation of the Will: A Weird Tale’, in: Postmedieval: a journal of medieval cultural studies 5:1 (2014).

Grün, Anselm, Die Sakramente Taufe, Eucharistie, Firmung, Trauung, Weihe, Beichte und Krankensalbung, Schwarzach: Vier Türme 2018.

Gunn, Cate, ‘Vices and virtues: a reassessment of manuscript Stowe 34’, in: Richard G. Newhauser (ed.), Sin in Medieval and Early Modern Culture: The Tradition of the Seven Deadly Sins, Woodbridge, Suffolk: York Medieval Press 2012, pp. 65-84.

Gy, Pierre-Marie, ‘Le canon 21 de Latran IV et la pratique de la confession et de la communion au XIIIe siècle’, in: Bulletin de la Société nationale des Antiquaires de France (1995), pp. 338-344.

Hamilton, Sarah, ‘Bishops, education, and discipline’, in: John H. Arnold (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2014, pp. 531-549.

Hamilton, Sarah, The Practice of Penance, 900-1050, Woodbridge: Boydell 2011.

Hamm, Berndt, ‘Reform, Reformation, confession: the development of new forms of religious meaning from the manifold tensions of the Middle Ages’, in: Anna Marie Johnson (ed.), The Reformation as Christianization: Essays on Scott Hendrix's Christianization Thesis (Spätmittelalter, Humanismus, Reformation: Studies in the Late Middle Ages, Humanism and the Reformation, 66), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2012, pp. 285-303.

Haren, Michael, ‘Confession, social ethics and social discipline in the Memoriale presbiterorum’, in: Peter Biller and Alastair J. Minnis (eds.), Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages (York Studies in Medieval Theology, 2), Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer 1998, pp. 109-122.

Haren, Michael, ‘The interrogatories for officials, lawyers and secular estates of the Memoriale presbiterorum: edition and translation’, in: Peter Biller and Alastair J. Minnis (eds.), Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages (York Studies in Medieval Theology, 2), Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer 1998, pp. 123-163.

Hartle, Ann, ‘Augustine and Rousseau: narrative and self-knowledge in the two Confessions’, in: Gareth B. Matthews, The Augustinian Tradition, Berkeley: University of California Press 1999, pp. 263-285.

Hertling, Ludwig, ‘Hagiographische Texte zur frühmittelalterlichen Bußgeschichte’, in Zeitschrift für katholische Theologie  55:1 (1931), pp. 109-122 and 56 (1932), pp. 274-387.

Hillner, Julia, Prison, Punishment and Penance in Late Antiquity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2015.

Honore, Leon, Le Secret de la Confession, étude historico-canonique, Bruges: Ch. Beyaert 1924

Hughes, Jonathan, ‘The administration of confession in the diocese of York in the fourteenth century’, in: David M. Smith (ed.), Studies in Clergy and Ministry in Medieval England: Purvis Seminar Studies (Borthwick Studies in History, 1), York: University of York, Borthwick Institute of Historical Research 1991, pp. 87-163.

Hunger, Herbert, ‘Die Generalbeichte eines byzantinischen Mönches im 14. Jahrhundert’, in: Herbert Hunger (ed.), Studien zum Patriarchatsregister von Konstantinopel, II (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-Historische Klasse: Sitzungsberichte, 647), Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 1997, pp. 193-218.

Iogna-Prat, Dominique, ‘Topographies of Penance in the Latin West (c.800-c.1299)’, in: Abigail Firey (ed.), A New History of Penance, Leiden: Brill 2008, pp. 149-172.

Izbicki, Thomas M., ‘Sin and pastoral care’, in: Robert N. Swanson (ed.), The Routledge History of Medieval Christianity 1050-1500, London: Routledge 2015, pp. 147-158.

Judic, Bruno, ‘Confessio chez Grégoire le Grand, entre l’intériorité et l’extériorité: l’aveu de l’âme et l'aveu du corps’ in: L’Aveu: Antiquité et Moyen Age: Actes de la Table ronde organisée par l’Ecole française de Rome avec le concours du CNRS et de l'Université de Trieste - Rome, 28-30 mars 1984, Rome: Ecole française de Rome 1986, pp. 169-190.

 Jussen, Bernhard, ‘Confessio. Semantische Beobachtungen in der lateinischen christlichen Traktatliteratur der Patristik und des 12. Jahrhunderts’, in: Zeitschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Linguistik: Lili 32:126 (2002), pp. 27-47.

Kaminska, Alexander B., ‘Literary confessions from 1215 through 1550; development in theme and form of French, German and English confessions through the Fourth Lateran Council through the Reformation’, in: Dissertation Abstracts International - A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 33:5 (1972), pp. 23-32.

L'Aveu: Antiquité et Moyen Age: Actes de la Table ronde organisée par l'Ecole française de Rome avec le concours du CNRS et de l'Université de Trieste - Rome, 28-30 mars 1984, Rome: Ecole française de Rome 1986.

Langum, Virginia, ‘Discerning skin: complexion, surgery, and language in medieval confession’, in: Katie L. Walter (ed.), Reading Skin in Medieval Literature and Culture, New York: Palgrave Macmillan 2013, pp. 141-160.

Larson, Atria A., Master of Penance. Gratian and the Development of Penitential Thought and Law in the Twelfth Century, Washington DC: The Catholic University of America Press 2014.

Lea, Henry Charles, A History of Auricular Confession and Indulgences in the Latin Church, 3 vols., Philadelphia 1896.

Lenk, Anne-Kristin, ‘Spätmittelalterliche Bußbücher als Quellen zum religiösen Alltag. Bußsummen als Kenntnisquellen für Supplikanten der Pönitentiarie und als Rezeptionsvehikel des römischen Rechts’, in: Andreas Meyer (ed.), Kirchlicher und religiöser Alltag im Spätmittelalter: Akten der internationalen Tagung in Weingarten, 4.-7. Oktober 2007 (Schriften zur südwestdeutschen Landeskunde, 69), Ostfildern: Jan Thorbecke Verlag 2010, pp. 89-110.

Lenz, Johannes, Die Neue Beichte: eine Einführung in das Sakrament, Stuttgart: Urachhaus 1983.

Lochrie, Karma, ‘Desiring Foucault’, in: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 27:1 (1997), pp. 3-16.

Long, Kevin, ‘Irish monks and pastoral practice – confession in the penitential of Columbanus’, in: Tjurunga: Australasian Benedictine Review39 (1990), pp. 16-28.

Lorenzini, Daniele, ‘Foucault, il cristianesimo e la genealogia dei regimi di verità’, in: Iride. Filosofia e discussione pubblica 25:66 (2012), pp. 391-401.

Lynch, Thomas, ‘Confessions of the Self: Foucault and Augustine’, in: Telos: A Quarterly Journal of Politics, Philosophy, Critical Theory, Culture, and the Arts 146 (2009).

Malo, Robyn, ‘York Merchants at Prayer: The Confessional Formula of the Bolton Hours’, in: Somerset, Fiona and Nicholas Watson (eds.), Truth and Tales, Columbus: Ohio State University Press 2015, pp. 206–222.

Mansfield, Mary C., The Humiliation of Sinners. Public Penance in Thirteenth-Century France, Ithaca/London 1995.

McLaughlin, R. Emmet, ‘Truth, Tradition, and History: The Historiography of High/Late Medieval and Early Modern Penance’, in: Abigail Firey (ed.), A New History of Penance, Leiden: Brill 2008, pp. 19-71.

McNeill, John T. and Helena M. Gamer, Medieval Handbooks of Penance. A Translation of the Principal Libri Poenitentiales, New York 2nd ed. 1990 (orig. 1965).

Meens, Rob, ‘Children and confession in the early Middle Ages.’, in: Studies in Church History 31 (1994), pp. 53-65.

Meens, Rob, ‘The Frequency and Nature of Early Medieval Penance’, in: Peter Biller and Alastair J. Minnis (eds.), Handling Sin. Confession in the Middle Ages, Woodbridge 1998, pp. 35-61.

Meens, Rob, ‘The Historiography of Early Medieval Penance’, in: Abigail Firey (ed.), A New History of Penance, Leiden: Brill 2008, pp. 73-95.

Meens, Rob, Penance in Medieval Europe, 600–1200, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2014.

Mertens, Thom and Stephanie Illegems, ‘Twee Middelnederlandse biechtformules in handschrift Gent, Universiteitsbibliotheek, 1371’, in: Ons Geestelijk Erf 86 (2015), pp. 130-157.

Mihai, Constantin Ionut, ‘Confessio peccatorum. Valente ale discursului autobiografic in literatura crestina din sec. II-III’, in: Petraru, Gheorghe and Liviu Petcu (eds.), Dimensiunea penitentiala si euharistica a vietii crestine, Bucharest: Librariabizantina 2015, pp. 515-528.

Milavec, Aaron, ‘The Purifying Confession of Failings Required by the Didache's Eucharistic Sacrifice’, in: Biblical Theological Bulletin 33:3 (2003), pp. 64-76.

Mitchell, Gerard, ‘The penitential of St Columbanus and its importance in the history of penance’, in: Mélanges Colombaniens. Actes du Congrès International de Luxeuil, 20-23 juillet 1950, Paris: Alsatia 1951, pp. 143-151.

Mohn, Claudia, ‘Beichte und Kommunion in mittelalterlichen Frauenklöstern. Liturgische und bauliche Besonderheiten am Beispiel fränkischer Frauenzisterzen’, in: Jeffrey F. Hamburger (ed.), Frauen – Kloster – Kunst: Neue Forschungen zur Kulturgeschichte des Mittelalters. Beiträge zum Internationalen Kolloquium vom 13. bis 16. Mai 2005 anlässlich der Ausstellung “Krone und Schleier”, Turnhout: Brepols 2007, pp. 327-355.

Murray, Alexander Callander, ‘Confession before 1215’, in: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Sixth Series, 3 (1993), pp. 51-81, repr. in id. Confession and Authority in the Medieval Church.

Murray, Alexander Callander, ‘Counselling in medieval confession’, in: Peter Biller and Alastair J. Minnis (eds.), Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages (York Studies in Medieval Theology, 2), Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer 1998, pp. 63-77, repr. in id. Confession and Authority in the Medieval Church.

Murray, Alexander, Confession and Authority in the Medieval Church, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2015.

Murray, Jacqueline, ‘Gendered souls in sexed bodies: the male construction of female sexuality in some medieval confessors’ manuals’, in: Peter Biller and Alastair J. Minnis (eds.), Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages (York Studies in Medieval Theology, 2), Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer 1998, pp. 79-93.

Neamtu, Mihail, ‘Psalmody, confession, and temporality’, in: Andreas Andreopoulo, Augustine Casiday and Carol Harrison (eds.), Meditations of the Heart: The Psalms in Early Christian Thought and Practice. Essays in Honour of Andrew Louth (Studia Traditionis Theologiae, 8), Turnhout: Brepols 2011, pp. 119-140.

Ohst, Martin, Pflichtbeichte: Untersuchungen zum Busswesen im Hohen und Späten Mittelalter (Beiträge zur historischen Theologie 1), Tübingen: Mohr 1995.

Papanikoloau, Aristotle, ‘Honest to God: Confession and Desire’, in: idem and Elizabeth Prodromou (eds.), Thinking through Faith: New Perspectives from Orthodox Christian Scholars, Crestwood, NY 2008, pp. 219-246.

Patterson, Lee, ‘The subject of confession: the Pardoner and the rhetoric of penance’, in: Steve Ellis (ed.), Chaucer: The Canterbury Tales (Longman Critical Readers), London: Longman 1998, pp. 169-188.

Payer, Pierre J., ‘Confession and the Study of Sex in the Middle Ages’, in: James A. Brundage and Vern L. Bullough (eds.), Handbook of Medieval Sexuality, New York/London 1996, pp. 3-31.

Payer, Pierre J., ‘Sex and confession in the thirteenth century’, in: Joyce Salisbury (ed.), Sex in the Middle Ages: A Book of Essays, New York: Garland 1991, pp. 126-142.

Perrone, Lorenzo, ‘Trembling at the Thought of Shipwreck’, in: Brouria Bitton-Ashkelony and Lorenzo Perrone (eds.), Between Personal and Institutional Religion, Turnhout: Brepols 2013, pp. 9-35.

Plant, Bob, ‘The Confessing Animal in Foucault and Wittgenstein’, in: Journal of Religious Ethics 34:4 (2006), pp. 533–559.

Policante, Amedeo, ‘Foucault e le Streghe. Soggettività confessionali e resistenza della carne, Materiali’, in: Foucaultiani 1:1 (2012).

Poschmann, Bernhard, Buße und letzte Ölung, Freiburg 1951.

Power, David N., ‘Affirmed from under: Celtic liturgy and spirituality’, in Studia liturgica  27:1 (1997), pp. 1-32.

Price, Richard M. ‘Informal penance in early medieval Christendom’, in: Studies in Church History 40 (2005), pp. 29-38.

Prüller-Jagenteufel, Gunter M., Christine Schliesser and Ralf K Wustenburg (eds.), Beichte neu entdecken : ein ökumenisches Kompendium für die Praxis, Göttingen: Edition Ruprecht 2016.

Rapp, Claudia, ‘Spiritual Guarantors at Penance, Baptism, and Ordination in the Late Antique East’, in: Abigail Firey (ed.), A New History of Penance, Leiden: Brill 2008, pp. 121-148.

Raskolnikov, Masha, ‘Confessional literature, vernacular psychology, and the history of the self in Middle English’, in: Literature Compass 2 (2005), pp. 1-20.

Reale, Nancy M., ‘Confessional discourse in the Decameron’, in: Nancy M. Reale (ed.), Satura: Studies in Medieval Literature in Honour of Robert R. Raymo, Donington: Shaun Tyas 2001, pp. 176-204.

Reichertz Jo and Manfred Schneider, Sozialgeschichte des Geständnisses: zum Wandel der Geständniskultur, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften 2007.

Reiter, Eric H., ‘A treatise on confession from the secular/mendicant dispute: the Casus abstracti a iure of Herman of Saxony, O.F.M.’ in: Mediaeval Studies 57 (1995), pp. 1-39.

Rider, Catherine, ‘Lay religion and pastoral care in thirteenth century England: the evidence of a group of short confession manuals’, in: Journal of Medieval History 36 (2010), pp. 327–340.

Roberts, C.M., A treatise on the history of confession until it developed into auricular confession A.D. 1215, London, C.J. Clay and Sons 1901.

Roitto, Rikard, ‘Practices of Confession, Intercession and Forgiveness in 1 John 1.9; 5.16’, in: New Testament Studies 58 (2012), pp. 232-253.

Rubin, Miri, ‘Sacramental life’, in: Miri Rubin (ed.), The Cambridge History of Christianity, 4: Christianity in Western Europe c. 1100 - c. 1500, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2009, pp. 219-237.

Ruoff, Michael, Foucault-Lexikon: Entwicklung, Kernbegriffe, Zusammenhänge, Paderborn: Fink 2013.

Rydell Johnsén, Henrik, ‘Renunciation, Reorintation ad Guidance: Patterns in Early Monasticism and Ancient Philosophy’, in: Markus Vincent and Samuel Rubenson (eds.), Early Monasticism and Classical Paideia, Studia Patristica, vol. 55, Leuven: Peeters 2013, pp. 79-94.

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