Bibliography on the History of Monasticism in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages

collected by Albrecht Diem, Syracuse University (adiem@maxwell.syr.edu)

 

This is a bibliography of academic literature on late antique and early medieval monasticism. It is certainly not complete, but it will be extended and updated regularly. Included are titles on topics such as political history, auxiliary sciences, gender studies, queer studies, church history, anthropology, etc. that may be relevant to monastic studies. Some bibliographical information may be incomplete or contain errors. Editions and translations of primary sources are generally not included. Please do not hesitate to contact me with corrections and additions. Feel free also to send me references to your own published work.

Check also: Monastic Manuscript ProjectDigital Manuscript Collections

Network for the Study of Late Antique and Early Medieval Monasticism

 

Updated on March 15, 2021, 10179 Titles.

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Abels Richard, ‘The Council of Whitby: A study in Early Anglo-Saxon Politics’, in: The Journal of British Studies 23:1 (1983), pp. 1-25.

Aberth, John, An Environmental History of the Middle Ages. The Crucible of Nature, London/New York: Routledge 2012.

Abou-El-Haj, Barbara, The Medieval Cult of Saints: Formations and Transformations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1995.

AbouZayd, Shafiq, Iḥidayutha: A Study of the Life of Singleness in the Syrian Orient: From Ignatius of Antioch to Chalcedon 451 A.D, Oxford: ARAM Society for Syro-Mesopotamian Studies 1993.

Abrahamse, Dorothy de F., ‘Byzantine Asceticism and Women’s Monasteries in Early Medieval Italy’, in: John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank (eds.), Medieval Religious Women, vol. 1: Distant Echoes, Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications 1984 (Cistercian Studies Series, vol. 71), pp. 31-50.

Abrams, Lesley J., ‘Eleventh-Century Missions and the Early Stages of Ecclesiastical Organisation in Scandinavia’, in: Anglo-Norman Studies 17 (1994), pp. 21-40.

Abrams, Lesley J., ‘The Anglo-Saxons and the Christianization of Scandinavia’, in: Anglo-Saxon England 24 (1995), pp. 213-49.

Acconcio Longo, Augusta, ‘Il contributo dell’agiografia alla storia delle diocesi italogreche’, in: Augusta Acconcia Longo (ed.), Ricerche di agiografia italogreca, Rome: Dipartimento di filologia greca e latina, Sezione bizantino-neoellenica, Università di Roma “La Sapienza” 2003, pp. 179-208.

Acham, Karl, ‘Struktur, Funktion und Genese von Institutionen aus sozialwissenschaftlicher Sicht’, in: Gerd Melville (ed.), Institutionen und Geschichte: theoretische Aspekte und mittelalterliche Befunde, Cologne/Weimar/Vienna: Böhlau Verlag 1992, pp. 26-71.

Achten, Gerard, Die theologischen lateinischen Handschriften in quarto der Staatsbibliothek Preussisicher Kulturbesitz Berlin, part 1: Ms. theol. Lat. qu. 141-266, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz 1979 (Staatsbibliothek Preussisicher Kulturbesitz, Kataloge, part 1, vol. 1).

Ackermanns, Gian, ‘Theologische tradities in conflict rond het Adoptianisme. Het concilie van Frankfurt (794)’, in: Gian Ackermans, Adelbert Davids, G H M Posthumus Meyjes, Jan van Laarhoven (eds.), Kerk in beraad. Opstellen aangeboden aan prof. Dr. J.C.P.A. van Laarhoven bij gelegenheid van zijn afscheid als hoogleraar aan de Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen, Nijmegen: Faculteit der Godgeleerdheid, Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen 1991, pp. 69-78.

Adam, Alfred, ‘Grundbegriffe des Mönchtums in sprachlicher Sicht’, in: Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 65 (1953/54), pp. 209-239.

Adamik, Tamas, ‘The Influence of the Apocryphal Acts in Jerome’s Lives of Saints’, in: Jan N. Bremmer (ed.), The Apocryphal Acts of John, Kampen: Kok Pharos 1995.

Adams, Claire, ‘From the Desert Fathers to Columban monasticism: early medieval notions of work, sustenance, and subsistence in Ireland and Merovingian Gaul’, in: Eolas: The Journal of the American Society of Irish Medieval Studies 11 (2018), pp. 120-130.

Adams, James Noel, The Latin Sexual Vocabulary, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press 1982.

Adkin, Neil, ‘A note on the date of the Pseudo-Augustinian treatise De sobrietate et castitate’, in: Acta classica Universitatis Scientiarum Debrecensis 29 (1993), pp. 191-193.

Adkin, Neil, ‘Cyprian’s De habitu virginum and Jerome’s Libellus de virginitate servanda (epist. 22)’, in: Classica et mediaevalia 46 (1995), pp. 237-254.

Affeldt, Werner, Cordula Nolte, Sabine Reinter and Ursula Vorwerk (eds.), Frauen im Frühmittelalter. Eine ausgewählte, kommentierte Bibliographie, Frankfurt am Main etc.: Peter Lang 1990.

Agamben, Giorgio, Höchste Armut. Ordensregeln und Lebensform, Homo Sacer, vol. 4.1, Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Verlag 2012.

Agamben, Giorgio, The Highest Poverty. Monastic Rules and Form-of-Life, transl. Adam Kotsko, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press 2014.

Aguilar García, Maria Luisa, ‘La vestimenta feminina en la sátira latina clásica’, in: Mujer y vestimenta: aspectos de la identidad femenina en la antigüedad, edited by Carmen Alfaro Giner, María Julia Martínez García, and Jónatan Ortiz García, Valencia: SEMA, 2011, pp. 67-104.

Aherne, Consuelo Maria, Valerio of Bierzo: An Ascetic of the Late Visigothic Period, Washington, DC 1949.

Aherne, Consuelo Maria. Valerio of Bierzo. An ascetic of the late Visigothic period, Washington: The Catholic University of America, 1949.

Ahronson, Kristján and Thomas M. Charles-Edwards, ‘Prehistoric annals and early medieval monasticism: Daniel Wilson, James Young Simpson and their cave sites’, in: Antiquaries Journal: Journal of the Society of Antiquaries of London 90 (2010), pp. 455-466.

Aigrain, René, ‘Le voyage de sainte Radegonde à Arles’, in: Bulletin philologique et historique (1926-27), pp. 1-9 and 119-127.

Aigrain, René, L’hagiographie: ses sources, ses méthodes, son histoire, Paris: Bloud & Gay 1953.

Aigrain, René, Sainte Radegonde (vers 520-587), Poitiers: Éditions des Cordeliers 1917.

Aillet, Cyrille, ‘El monasterio de Lorvão y los confines de la Beira (siglos IX-XII): apuntes sobre la memoria histórica de un espacio de contacto’, in: Studia historica. Historia medieval 27 (2009), pp. 71-95.

Airlie, Stuart, ‘“For it is written in the Law”: Ansegis and the writing of Carolingian royal authority’, in: Stephen Baxter, Catherine E. Karkov, Janet L. Nelson and David Pelteret (eds.), Early Medieval Studies in Memory of Patrick Wormald, Studies in Early Medieval Britain, Aldershot: Ashgate 2009, pp. 219-235.

Airlie, Stuart, ‘Private Bodies and the Body Politic in the Divoce Case of Lothar II’, in: Past and Present 161 (1998), pp. 3-38.

Airlie, Stuart, ‘The Frankish aristrocracy as supporters and opponents of Boniface’, in: Franz J. Felten, Jörg Jarnut and Lutz E. von Padberg (eds.), Bonifatius - Leben und Nachwirken: die Gestaltung des christlichen Europa im Frühmittelalter, Abhandlungen zur mittelrheinischen Kirchengeschichte, vol. 121, Mainz: Gesellschaft für mittelrheinische Kirchengeschichte 2007, pp. 255-270.

Airlie, Stuart, ‘The Palace of Memory: The Carolingian Court as Political Centre’, in: Sarah Rees Jones, Richard Marks and A. J. Minnis (eds.), Courts and Regions in Medieval Europe, York: York Medieval Press/Boydell and Brewer 2000, pp. 1-20.

Airlie, Stuart, Power and its Problems in Carolingian Europe, Variorum Reprint, Farnham UK/Burlington VT: Ashgate 2012.

Aist, Rodney, From Topography to Text. The Image of Jerusalem in the Writings of Eucherius, Adomnán and Bede, Turnhout: Brepols 2019.

Al-Suryiany, Bigoul, ‘The monastery of the Abyssinians and the Abyssinian treasures in the monasteries of Wādī n-Naṭrūm’, in: Journal of the Canadian Society for Coptic Studies / Journal de la Société canadienne pour les études coptes 8 (2016), pp. 119-134.

Aland, Barbara, Frühe direkte Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Christen, Heiden und Häretikern, Berlin/New York: De Gruyter 2005.

Alarcón Román, Concepción, ‘Las versiones medievales de la leyenda de Montserrat’, in: Studia Monastica 49:1 (2007), pp. 29-73.

Alarcón Román, Concha, ‘Las versiones medievales de la leyenda de Montserrat’, in: Studa Monastica 49:1 (2007), pp. 29-73.

Àlavarez, A., Rodà, I., Riera Rullan, M, Gutièrez, Garcia-Moreno, A, Domènech, A. and Royo, H., ‘Provenance of some ancient marbles from el Pla de ses Figueres (Cabrera, Balearic Islands, Spain)’, in: Anna Gutiérrez Garcia-M, Pilar Lapuente, Isabel Rodà (eds.), Interdisciplinary Studies on Ancient Stone. Proceedings of the IX ASMOSIA Conference, Tarragona: Institut Català d'Arqueologia Clàssica 2012, pp. 426-434.

Albarrán Martínez, María Jesús, ‘Authority to Teach in Female Monasteries in Late Antique Egypt’, in: Cultures in Contact: Transfer of Knowledge in the Mediterranean Context : Selected Papers, edited by Sofía Torallas Tovar and Juan Pedro Monferrer Sala, Córdoba, Spain: CNERU; CEDRAC; Oriens Academic 2013, pp. 51-60.

Alberi, Mary, ‘The evolution of Alcuin’s concept of the Imperium christianum’, in: Joyce Hill (ed.), The Community, the Family and the Saint: Patterns of Power in Early Medieval Europe, Turnhout: Brepols 1998, pp. 3-17.

Albers, Bruno, ‘Die Reformsynode vom 817 und das von ihr erlassene Kapitular’, in: Studien und Mitteilungen aus dem Benediktiner- und Zisterzienserorden 28 (1907), pp. 528-540.

Albers, Bruno, Untersuchungen zu den ältesten Mönchsgewohnheiten, Munich: J.J. Lentner 1905.

Albers, Paul, ‘Cassians Einfluß auf die Regel des hl. Benedikt’, in: Studien und Mitteilungen zur Geschichte des Benediktiner-Ordens und seiner Zweige 46 (1928), pp. 12-22 and pp. 146-158.

Albert, Andreas, ‘Der Mönch als „cives sanctorum” (Eph. 2,19). Reliquienkult bei Benedikt von Nursia’, in: Regulae Benedicti Studia 18 (1994), pp. 1-14.

Albert, Andreas, Untersuchungen zum Begriff peregrinatio bzw. peregrinus in der benediktinischen Tradition des Früh- und Hochmittelalters, St. Ottilien: EOS-Verlag 1992 (Regulae Benedicti Studia Supplementa, vol. 18).

Albert, Bat-Sheva, Le pèlerinage à l’époque carolingiennne. Bibliothèque de la revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, vol. 82, Brüssel: Nauwelaerts 1999.

Alberts, P., ‘De heilige Radobd, veertiende bisschop van Utrecht’, in: Archief voor de Geschiedenis van het Aartsbisdom Utrecht 21 (1894), pp. 244-297.

Albl, Martin C., ‘“David sang about him‚”: a Coptic Psalms testimonia collection’, in: Vigiliae Christianae 66:4 (2012), pp. 398-425.

Albu, Emily, ‘Imperial Geography and the Medieval Peutinger Map’, in: Imago Mundi 57 (2005), pp. 136-148.

Albu, Emily, ‘Rethinking the Peutinger Map’, in: Richard Talbert and Richard W. Unger (eds.), Cartography in Antiquity and the Middle Ages: Fresh Perspectives, New Methods, Leiden/ Boston: Brill 2008, pp. 111-119.

Albu, Emily, ‘The Reichenau Map? Rethinking the Peutinger Map’, in: AVISTA Forum Journal 16 (2006), pp. 36-37.

Alciati, Roberto (ed.), Norm and Exercise: Christian Asceticism between Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag 2018.

Alciati, Roberto and Maria Chiara Giorda, ‘Legami carnali e spirituali nel monachesimo cristiano antico (IV-VII secolo)’, in: Famiglia monastica. Prassi aggregative di isolamento, edited by Maria Chiara Giorda and Francesca Sbardella, Bologna 2012, pp. 69-97.

Alciati, Roberto and Maria Chiara Giorda, ‘Possessions and Asceticism: Melania the Younger and Her Slow Way to Jerusalem’, in: Zeitschrift für Antike und Christentum 14 (2010), pp. 425-444.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘And the Villa Became a Monastery: Sulpicius Severus’ Community of Primuliacum’, in: Hendrik W. Dey and Elizabeth Fentress (eds.), Western Monasticism ante litteram. The Spaces of Monastic Observance in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, Turnhout: Brepols 2011, pp. 85-98.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘And the Villa Became a Monastery: Sulpicius Severus’ Community of Primuliacum’, in: Hendrik Dey and Elizabeth Fentress (eds.), Western Monasticism ante litteram. The Spaces of Monastic Observance in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, Turnhout: Brepols 2011 (Disciplina Monastica, vol. 8), pp. 85-98.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Askese und Mönchtum im Werk Erik Petersons’, in: G. Caronello (ed.), Erik Peterson: Die theologische Präsenz eines Outsiders, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2012, pp. 417-435.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Da Oriente a Occidente. Contatti fra le due parti dell’Impero’, in: Giovanni Filoramo (ed.), Monachesimo orientale. Un’introduzione, Brescia: Morcelliana 2010 (Storia, vol. 40), pp. 193-229.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Diacono e diaconia nel monachesimo egiziano: la testimonianza di Cassiano’, in: Diakonia, diaconiae, diaconato. Semantica e storia nei Padri della Chiesa. XXXVIII Incontro di studiosi dell’antichità cristiana (Roma, 7-9 maggio 2009), Roma: Institutum Patristicum Augustinianum 2010 (SEAug, vol. 117), pp. 165- 175.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Eucher, Salvien et Vincent: les Gallicanti doctores de Lérins’, in: Yann Codou and Michel Lauwers (eds.), Lérins, un îsle saint de l’antiquité au Moyen Âge, Turnhout: Brepols 2009, pp. 35-62.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Famiglia cristiana e pratica monastica (IV-VII secolo)’, in: Annali di storia dell’esegesi 27 (2010), pp. 265- 290.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Il De discretione di Cassiano e la sua influenza nella letteratura ascetica posteriore (secoli V-VII)’, in: Rivista di Storia del Cristianesimo 6 (2009), pp. 65-98.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Il monachesimo. Pratiche ascetiche e vita monastica nel Mediterraneo tardoantico (secoli IV-VI)’, in: Alberto Melloni (ed.), Costantino I. Enciclopedia costantiniana sulla figura e l’immagine dell’imperatore del cosiddetto Editto di Milano, 313-2013, vol. 1, Roma: Enciclopedia Treccani 2013, pp. 815-831.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Il problema della direzione spirituale nelle Conlationes di Giovanni Cassiano’, in: Giovanni Filoramo (ed.), Storia della direzione spirituale, vol. I: L’età antica, Brescia: Morcelliana, 2006, pp. 337-352.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Il vescovo e il monaco nel De vita contemplativa di Pomerio’, in: Eduardo López-Tello García and Selene M Benedetta Zorzi (eds.), Church, Society and Monasticism. Acts of the International Symposium (Rome, May 31-June 3, 2006), Rome: Pontificio Ateneo Sant’Anselmo/Sankt Ottilien: Eos Verlag 2009, pp. 25-38.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Modernismo fra archivi e riviste. In margine ad alcune pubblicazioni recenti’, in: Studi e materiali di storia delle religioni 77 (2011), pp. 204-224.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Monachesimo come tempio: il cantiere monastico di Cassiano nuovo Chiram’, in: Adamantius 15 (2009), pp. 246-269.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Origene, gli antropomorfiti e Cassiano: storia di una relazione istituita’, in: Adamantius 19 (2013), pp. 97- 110.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Quarant’anni di studi cassianei (1968-2008)’, in: Rivista di storia del cristianesimo 7 (2010), pp. 229-248.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Ruricio novello Sidonio? Costituzione e trasmissione del suo epistolario tra tarda antichità e alto medioevo’, in: Stéphane Gioanni and Benoît Grévin (eds.), L’antiquité tardive dans les collections médiévales: textes et représentations, VIe-XIVe siècle, Rome: École française de Rome 2008, pp. 65-94.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Sine aliqua differentia graduum (Hier. Adv. Iov. 2,19): Ascetismo e matrimonio nella predicazione di Gioviniano’, in: Rivista di storia del cristianesimo 8 (2011), pp. 305-328.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Sub seniorum imperio: la direzione spirituale secondo Cassiano’, in: Michela Catto, Isabella Gagliardi and Rosa Maria Parrinello (eds.), Direzione spirituale e agiografia. Dalla biografia classica alle vite dei santi dell’età moderna, Alessandria: Edizioni dell’Orso 2008, pp. 67-95.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘The Invention of Western Monastic Literature: Texts and Communities’, in: Alison I. Beach and Isabelle Cochelin (eds.), The Cambridge History of Medieval Monasticism in the Latin West, vol. 1, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2020, pp. 144-161.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘The Master-Disciple Relationship in Cassian’s Conferences: a Training for the Monastic Perfectio’, in: Frances Margaret Young, Mark Julian Edwards and Paul M. Parvis (eds.), Studia Patristica, vol. XXXIX. Papers presented at the Fourteenth International Conference on Patristic Studies held in Oxford 2003, Leuven: Peeters 2006, pp. 281- 285.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Tracce di direzione spirituale nelle Conlationes di Giovanni Cassiano’, in: Michela Catto, Isabella Gagliardi and Rosamaria Parrinello (eds.), Direzione spirituale e agiografia, Brescia: Morcelliana 2008.

Alciati, Roberto, ‘Verus Israhel, id est monachorum plebs: la genealogia monastica di Cassiano’, in: Adamantius 17 (2011), pp. 67-80.

Alciati, Roberto, Monaci, vescovi e scuola nella Gallia tardoantica, Rome: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura 2009.

Alcuin, De fide Sanctae Trinitatis et de incarnatione Christi. Quaestiones de Sancta Trinitate, ed. Eric Knibbs and E. Ann Matter, CCCM 249, Turnhout: Brepols 2012.

Alexander, Dominic, Saints and Animals in the Middle Ages, Woodbridge: The Boydell Press 2008.

Alexander, Dominic, Saints and Animals in the Middle Ages, Woodbridge: Boydell&Brewer 2008.

Alexander, Jonathan James Graham, Insular Manuscripts: 6th to the 9th Century, London: Harvey Miller 1978.

Alexandre, Jean-Louis and Claire MaîtreAlexandre, Catalogue des reliures medievales a la Bibliotheque municipale d’Autun ainsi qu’a la Societe Eduenne, Turnhout: Brepols 1998.

Alfeyev, Hilarion, ‘Theological education in the Christian East: first to sixth centuries’, in: John Behr, Andrew Louth and Dimitri Conomos (eds.), Abba: The Tradition of Orthodoxy in the West. Festschrift for Bishop Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia, Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press 2003, pp. 43-64.

Algazi, Gadi, ‘Forget Memory: Some Critical Remarks on Memory, Forgetting and History’, in: Sebastian Scholz, Gerald Schwedler and Kai-Michael Sprenger (eds.), Damnatio in Memoria: Deformation und Gegenkonstruktionen von Geschichte, Vienna/Cologne/Weimer: Böhlau 2014, pp. 25-34.

Algazi, Gadi, ‘Otto Brunner - Konkrete Ordnung und Sprache der Zeit’, in: Peter Schöttler (ed.), Geschichte als Legitimationswissenschaft, 1939-1945, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp 1997, pp. 166-203.

Algermissen, Heinz Josef, ‘Vorwort’, in: Andreas Odenthal, Bernd Goebel, Jorg Disse, Richard Hartmann and Klaus Unterburger, Verspielen wir das Erbe des hl. Bonifatius? Theologische Betrachtungen aus Anlass seines 1250. Todestages, Frankfurt: Josef Knecht 2005, pp. 7-8.

Alinari, A. ‘Il primitivo monastero di Monte Cassino (contributo alla sua topografia)’, in: Convegno storico di Montecassino, 28-29 Maggio 1930, Rome: Istituto storico italiano 1932, pp. 51-81.

Alioth, Martin, ‘Der Ire Gallus als Vertreter seiner Zeit’, in: Helvetia archaeologica 43:170-171 (2012), pp. 74-83.

Allen, Joseph, Vested in Grace. Priesthood and Marriage in the Christian East, Brookline, Mass.: Holy Cross Orthodox Press 2001.

Allen, Pauline and Bronwen Neil, The Oxford Handbook of Maximus the Confessor, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2017.

Allen, Pauline, ‘The Definition and Enforcement of Orthodoxy’, in: Averil Cameron, Bryan Ward-Perkins and Michael Whitby (eds.), Cambridge Ancient History, vol. 14, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2000, pp. 811-834.

Allen, Pauline, and Elizabeth M. Jeffreys (eds.), The Sixth Century: End or Beginning? Byzantina Australiensia, vol. 10. Leiden: Brill 1996.

Allies, Neil, ‘Re-evaluating monastic rules: style and literary purpose in the rule of Isidore’, in: Downside Review 128: 450 (2010), pp. 1-18.

Allies, Neil, ‘Re-evaluating monastic rules: style and literary purpose in the rule of Isidore’, in: Downside Review 128: 450 (2010), pp. 1-18.

Allies, Neil, ‘The Sermo Plebeius and the spoken language in the monastic rule of Isidore of Seville’, in: Lorna Bleach, Katariina Närä, Sian Prosser and Paola Scarpini (eds.), In Search of the Medieval Voice, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing 2009, pp. 3-18.

Allies, Neil, The Monastic Rules of Visigothic Iberia: A Study of their Text and Language, PhD thesis University of Birmingham 2009.

Alliez, L., Histoire du monastère de Lérins, vol. 1, Paris: Didier 1862.

Allott, Stephen, Alcuin of York, c. A.D. 732 to 804 - his life and letters. York: William Sessions Ltd. 1974.

Althoff, Gerd, ‘Amicitiae [Friendships] as Relationships Between States and People’, in: Lester K. Little and Barbara Rosenwein (eds.), Debating the Middle Ages. Issues and Readings, Malden (Mass.)/Oxford: Blackwell 1998, pp. 191-210.

Althoff, Gerd, ‘Der friedens-, bündnis- und gemeinschaftsstiftende Charakter des Mahles im früheren Mittelalter’, in: Irmgard Bitsch, Trude Ehlert and Xenia von Ertzdorff (eds.), Essen und Trinken im Mittelalter und Neuzeit, Sigmaringen: Jan Thorbecke Verlag 1990, pp. 13-25.

Althoff, Gerd, ‘Die Veränderbarkeit von Ritualen im Mittelalter’, in: Gert Althoff (ed.), Formen und Funktionen öffentlicher Kommunikation im Mittelalter, Stuttgart: Jan Thorbecke Verlag 2001, pp. 157-176 (Vorträge und Forschungen, vol. 51).

Althoff, Gerd, ‘Fest und Bündnis’, in: Detlef Altenburg, Jörg Jarnut and Hans-Hugo Steinhoff (eds.), Feste und Feiern im Mittelalter. Paderborner Symposium des Mediävistenverbandes, Sigmaringen: Jan Thorbecke Verlag 1991, pp. 29-38.

Althoff, Gerd, ‘Ira Regis: Prolegomena to a History of Royal Anger’, in: Barbara H. Rosenwein (ed.), Anger’s Past. The Social Uses of an Emotion in the Middle Ages, Ithaca/London: Cornell University Press 1998, pp. 59-74.

Althoff, Gerd, ‘Ottonische Frauengemeinschaften im Spannungsfeld von Kloster und Welt’, in: Jan Gerchow and Thomas Schilp (eds.), Essen und die sächsischen Frauenstifte im Frühmittelalter, Essen: Klartext 2003, pp. 29-44.

Althoff, Gerd, ‘Rituale als ordnungsstiftende Elemente’, in: Walter Pohl and Veronika Wieser (eds.), Der frühmittelalterliche Staat - europäische Perspektiven, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters, vol. 16, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 2009, pp. 391-398.

Althoff, Gerd, Amicitiae und Pacta. Bündnis, Einung, Politik und Gebetsgedanken im beginnenden 10. Jahrhundert, Hannover Hahn 1992 (Schriften der MGH, vol. 37).

Althoff, Gerd, Dieter Geuenich, Otto Gerhard Oexle and Joachim Wollasch (eds.), Person und Gemeinschaft im Mittelalter. Karl Schmid zum fünfundsechzigsten Geburtstag, Sigmaringen: Jan Thorbecke Verlag 1988.

Althoff, Gerd, Verwandte, Freunde und Getreue: Zum politischen Stellenwert der Gruppenbindungen im Mittelalter, Darmstadt 1990.

Althoff, Gerd, Verwandte, Freunde und Getreue. Zum politischen Stellenwert der Gruppenverbindungen im früheren Mittelalter, Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft 1990.

Altmann, Charles F., ‘Two types of opposition and the structure of Latin saints’ lives’, in: Paul Maurice Clogan (ed.), Medieval Hagiography and Romance, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1975 (Medievalia et Humanistica: Studies in Medieval & Renaissance Culture - New Series, vol. 6), pp. 1-11.

Álvaro Rueda, Karen, Esther Travé Allepuz and María Dolores López Pérez, ‘La acción monástica y eremítica en los procesos de poblamiento altomedievales (ss. VI-XI): los conjuntos singulares del Alto Arlanza y sus problemas interpretativos.’, in: Arqueología y Territorio Medieval 25 (2018), pp. 145-167.

Alwis, Anne P., Celibate Marriages in Late Antique and Byzantine Hagiography: The Lives of Saints Julian and Basilissa, Andronikos and Athanasia, and Galaktion and Episteme, London and New York: Bloomsbury Academic 2011.

Amalar of Metz, On the Liturgy, ed. and transl. by Eric Knibbs, 2 vols., London/Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press 2014.

Amand, David, ‘Essai d’une histoire critique des éditions générales recques et gréco-latines de s. Basile de Césarée’, in: Revue Bénédictine 52 (1940), pp. 141-161; 53 (1941), pp. 119-151; 54 (1942), pp. 124-144; 56 (1945/46), pp. 126-173.

Amand, David, L’Ascèse monastique de saint Basile: Essai historique, Maredsous 1949.

Ambrose, Shannon, ‘The Collectio canonum hibernensis and the literature of the Anglo-Saxon Benedictine reform’, in: Viator 36 (2005), pp. 107-118.

Amélineau, E., Résumé de l'histoire de l'Égypte depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à nos jours, précedé d'une étude sur les mœurs, les idées, les sciences, les arts et l'admisistration dans l'ancienne Égypte., Paris: Leroux 1894.

Amirav, Hagit, Authority and Performance. Sociological Perspectives on the Council of Chalcedon (AD 451), Göttingen: Vandenhoek and Ruprecht 2004.

Amirav, Hagit, Emmanueloa Grypeou and Guy Stroumsa (eds.), Apocalypticism and Eschatology in Late Antiquity, Leuven: Peeters Publishers 2017.

Amis, Robin, Different Christianity. Early Christian Esotericism and Modern Thought, Albany: State University of New York Press 1995.

Amory, Patrick, ‘Names, Ethnic Identity, and Community in Fifth- and Sixth-Century Burgundy’, in: Viator. Medieval and Renaissance Studies (1994), pp. 1-30.

Amory, Patrick, ‘The Meaning and purpose of ethnic terminology in the Burgundian laws’, in: Early Medieval Europe 2 (1993), pp. 1-28.

Amory, Patrick, People and Identity in Ostrogothic Italy, 489-554, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1997.

Amos, Thomas L., ‘Early Medieval Sermons and the Holy’, in: Beverly Mayne Kienzle (ed.), Models of Holiness in Medieval Sermons. Proceedings of the International Symposium (Kalamazoo, 4-7 May 1995), Louvain-La-Neuve: Brepols 1996 (Textes et Études du Moyen Âge, vol. 5), pp. 23-34.

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Bibliotheca Sanctorum, ed. by Instituto Giovanni XIII, 12 vols. and index, Rome: Pontificia Università Lateranense 1961-1970.

Bidwell, Paul, ‘The possible origin of the reused Roman building stoe at Jarrow’, in: Rosemary Cramp, G. Bettess, F. Bettess and R. Cramp (ed.), Wearmouth and Jarrow Monastic Sites, Swondon: English Heritage 2005, vol. 2, pp. 1-2.

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Biedermann, H. M. and Adalbert de Vogüé, ‘Mönch/Mönchtum’, in: Lexikon des Mittelalters, vol. 6, München/Zürich: Arthemis&Winkler 1993, cols. 733-746.

Bielawski, Maciej and Daniël Homergen (eds.), Il monachesimo tra eredità e aperture, Rome: Pontificio ateneo S. Anselmo 2004 (Studia Anselmiana, vol. 140), pp. 151-174.

Bieler, Ludwig, Studies on the Life and Legend of St. Patrick, ed. by Richard Sharpe, Aldershot: Ashgate 1986 (Collected Studies Series, vol. 244).

Biendarra, Anke and Jörg Oberste, ‘Der Prior bei den Cluniazensern. Soziale Kontrolle und Kommunikation im Wandel vom 11.-13. Jahrhundert’, in: Heinz Duchhardt and Gert Melville (eds.), Im Spannungsfeld von Recht und Ritual. Soziale Kommunikation in Mittelalter und Früher Neuzeit, Köln/Weimar/Wien: Böhlau 1997, pp. 139-171.

Bierbrauer, Katharina, Die Ornamentik frühkarolingischer Hanschriften aus Bayern, München: Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 1979.

Bierbrauer, Volker: ‘Kreuzfibeln und Tierfibeln als Zeugnisse persönlichen Christentums in der Romania Oberitaliens (5.-7. Jahrhundert)’, in: Sauro Gelichi (ed.), L'Italia alto-medievale tra archeologia e storia : studi in ricordo di Ottone D'Assia, Padova: Il poligrafo 2005, pp. 55-78.

Biffi, Inos and Aldo Granata (eds.), San Colombano. Le opere, Milano: Jaca Book 2001.

Biffi, Inos, La disciplina e L’amore. Un profilo spirituale di san Colombano, Milano: Jaca Book 2002.

Bigelmair, Andreas, ‘Die Gründung der mitteldeutschen Bistümer’, in: C. Raabe et al. (eds.) Sankt Bonifatius: Gedenkgabe zum zwölfhundertsten Todestag, Fulda: Parzeller 1954, pp. 247-287.

Biggs, Frederick M., ‘“Ausculto praecepta magistri” in Bede’s De orthographia’, in: Revue bénédictine 127:1 (2017),  pp. 217-219.

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Bijsterveld, Arnout-Jan A., ‘Middeleeuwse vrome schenkingen als instrument van sociale integratie en politieke machtsvorming. Een historiografisch overzicht’, in: Tijdschrijft voor Geschiedenis 109 (1996), pp. 443-464.

Bikeeva, Natalia, ‘Serente diabulo: the revolts of the nuns at Poitiers and Tours in the late 6th century’, in: Radosław Kotecki and Jacek Maciejewski (eds.), Ecclesia et Violentia: Violence against the Church and Violence within the Church in the Middle Ages, Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars 2014, pp. 72-90.

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Biller, Peter, ‘Confessors’ manuals and the avoiding of offspring’, in: Peter Biller and Alastair J. Minnis (eds.), Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages (York Studies in Medieval Theology, 2), Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer 1998, pp. 165-187.

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Billett, Jesse D., ‘The Liturgy of the ‘Roman’ Office in England from the Conversion to the Conquest’, in: Rome Across Time and Space: Cultural Transmission and the Exchange of Ideas, c. 500-1400, edited by Claudia Bolgia, Rosamond McKitterick, and John Osborne, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2011, pp. 84-110.

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Bischoff, Bernhard, ‘Die ältesten Handschriften der Regula S. Benedicti in Bayern’, in: Studien und Mitteilungen des Benediktinerordens und seiner Zweige 92 (1981), pp. 7-16.

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Bischoff, Bernhard, ‘Die Kölner Nonnenhandschriften und das Skriptorium von Chelles’, in: id., Mittelalterliche Studien. Ausgewählte Aufsätze zur Schriftkunde und Literaturgeschichte, vol. 1, Stuttgart: Hiersemann 1966, pp. 17-35.

Bischoff, Bernhard, ‘Die Reichsabtei Lorsch im Spiegel seiner Handschriften’, in: Friedrich Knöpp (ed.), Die Reichsabtei Lorsch. Festschrift zum Gedenken an ihre Stiftung 764, vol. 2, Darmstadt: Hessische Historische Kommission 1977, pp. 7-128.

Bischoff, Bernhard, ‘Paläographische Fragen deutscher Denkmäler der Karolingerzeit’, in: Frühmittelalterliche Studien 5 (1971), pp. 101-134.

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Bischoff, Bernhard, ‘Theodulf und der Ire Cadac-Andreas’, in: id., Mittelalterliche Studien. Ausgewählte Aufsätze zur Schriftkunde und Literaturgeschichte, vol. 2, Stuttgart 1967, pp. 19-25.

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Bishko, Charles Julian, ‘Gallegan Pactual Monasticism in the Repopulation of Castille’, in: Estudios dedicados a Menéndez Pidal, vol. 2, Madrid 1951, pp. 513-431; reprinted with an “Additional Note” in Charles Julian Bishko, Spanish and Portuguese Monastic History 600-1300, London 1984, pp. 513-31 and 532A-536A.

Bishko, Charles Julian, ‘The date and nature of the Spanish Consensoria Monachorum’, in: American Journal of Philology 69 (1948), pp. 377-95.

Bishko, Charles Julian, ‘The Pactual Tradition in Hispanic Monasticism’, in: id., Spanish and Portuguese Monastic History, 600-1300, London: Variorum Reprints 1984, pp. 1‐47.

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Brock, Sebastian P., ‘Crossing the Boundaries: An Ecumenical Role Played by Syriac Monastic Literature’, in: Maciej Bielawski and Daniël Homergen (eds.), Il monachesimo tra eredità e aperture, Rome: Pontificio ateneo S. Anselmo 2004 (Studia Anselmiana, vol. 140), pp. 221-238.

Brock, Sebastian P., ‘Ephrem and the Syriac tradition’, in: Frances Young, Lewis Ayres and Andrew Louth (eds.), The Cambridge History of Early Christian Literature, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2004, pp 362-372.

Brock, Sebastian P., ‘St Aninas/Mar Ḥanina and his monastery’, in: Analecta Bollandiana 124:1 (2006), pp. 5-10.

Brock, Sebastian P., ‘The Canging Faces of St Ephrem as Read in the West’, in: John Behr, Andrew Louth and Dimitri Conomos (eds.), Abba: The Tradition of Orthodoxy in the West. Festschrift for Bishop Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia, Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press 2003, pp. 65-80.

Brock, Sebastian P., Fire from Heaven. Studies in Syriac Theology and Liturgy, Aldershot: Ashgate 2006.

Brock, Sebastian P., Hymns on paradise: St. Ephrem the Syrian, Crestwood, NY: St Vladimir’s Seminary Press 1990.

Brock, Sebastian P., The luminous eye: the spiritual world vision of Saint Ephrem, Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications 1985.

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Broggio Paolo, ‘Le congregazioni romane e la confessione dei neofiti del Nuovo Mondo tra facultates e dubia: riflessioni e spunti di indagine’, in: Ch. de Castelnau-L’Estoile and G. Pizzorusso (eds.), Administrer les sacrements en Europe et au Nouveau Monde : La Curie romaine et les Dubia circa Sacramenta, Rome: Mélanges de l’Ecole française de Rome, Italie et Méditerranée 121:1 (2009), pp. 173-197.

Brogiolo, Gian Pietro and Monica Ibsen, ‘Eremitic Settlements and Political and Military Contingencies in the Sixth Century: The Case of the Alto Garda bresciano (Lake Garda, N. Italy)’, in: Hendrik Dey and Elizabeth Fentress (eds.), Western Monasticism ante litteram. The Spaces of Monastic Observance in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, Turnhout: Brepols 2011 (Disciplina Monastica, vol. 8), pp. 201-237.

Broke, Christopher , ‘Reflections on the Monastic Cloister’, in: Neil Stratford (ed.), Romanesque and Gothic. Essays for George Zarnecki, vol 1: Text, Woodbridge: Boydell Press 1987, pp. 19-25.

Brommer, Peter, ‘Die bischöfliche Gesetzgebung Theodulfs von Orléans’, in: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, kanonistische Abteilung 60 (1974), pp. 1-120.

Brommer, Peter, ‘Über die Schulgesetzgebung von Theodulph von Orléans’, in: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, kanonistische Abteilung 60 (1974), pp. 57-63.

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Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L. and Elizabeth S. Bolman, ‘The White Monastery Federation Project: Survey and Mapping at the Monastery of Apa Shenoute (Dayr al-Anba Shinūda), Sohag, 2005-2007’, in: Dumbarton Oaks Papers 65 (2013), pp. 333-364

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L. and Gillian Pyke, ‘The Afterlife of Sherds: Architectural Reuse Strategies at the Monastery of John the Little, Wadi Natrun’, in: Bettina Bader and Mary Ownby (eds.), Functional Aspects of Egyptian Ceramics within their Archaeological Context, ed. by Leuven: Peeters 2012, pp. 307-325.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L. and Hendrik Dey, ‘The Archaeology of the Earliest Monasteries’, in: Alison I. Beach and Isabelle Cochelin (eds.), The Cambridge History of Medieval Monasticism in the Latin West, vol. 1, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2020, pp. 73-96.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L., ‘An Archaeological Mission for the White Monastery’, in: Coptica 4 (2005), pp. 1-26.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L., ‘Architecture of the Coptic Church’, in: Churches of Egypt’, ed. Gawdat Gabra and Gertrud van Loon, Cairo: American University in Cairo Press 2007; paperback 2012, pp. 19-27.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L., ‘Divine Architects: Designing the Monastic Dwelling Place’, in: Egypt in the Byzantine World, 450-700, ed. Roger Bagnall, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2007, pp. 368-389.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L., ‘Life and Death in Lower and Upper Egypt: A Brief Survey of Recent Monastic Archaeology at Yale’, in: Journal of the Canadian Society for Coptic Studies 3 (2012), pp. 9-26.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L., ‘Models of Seeing and Reading Monastic Archaeology’, in: Cistercian Studies Quarterly 48 (2013), pp. 299-315.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L., ‘Redrawing a Portrait of Egyptian Monasticism’, in: Medieval Monks and Their World, Ideas and Realities: Studies in Honor of Richard Sullivan, ed. by David Blanks, Michael Frassetto and Amy Livingstone, Leiden: E. J. Brill 2006, pp. 11-34.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L., ‘The Geography of the Monastic Cell in Early Egyptian Monastic Literature’, in: Church History 78.4 (2009), pp. 1-36.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L., ‘Treading on Antiquity: Anglo-American Missionaries and the Religious Landscape of Nineteenth-Century Coptic Egypt’, in: Material Religion 8:2 (2012), pp. 127-152.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L., Mohamed Abdal-Rassul, Peter Grossmann and Elizabeth S. Bolman, ‘The Excavation in the Monastery of Apa Shenute (Dayr Anba Shinuda) at Suhag’, in: Dumbarton Oaks Papers 58 (2004), pp. 371-382.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L., Peter Grossmann et al., ‘Second Report on the Excavation of the SCA in the Area of the Monastery of Shenute at Suhag’, in: Dumbarton Oaks Papers 63 (2009), pp. 167-219.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L., S. Davis, T. Herbich. S. Ikram, D. McCormack, M.-D. Nenna and G. Pyke, ‘New Archaeology at Ancient Scetis: Surveys and Initial Excavations at the Monastery of St. John the Little in Wadi al-Natrun: Yale Monastic Archaeology Project’, in: Dumbarton Oaks Papers 64 (2010), pp. 217-228.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene l., The Monastic Landscape of Late Antique Egypt, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2016.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene L., Your cell will teach you all things: the relationship of monastic practice and the architectural design of the cell in Coptic monasticism, 400-1000, PhD thesis, University of Miami 2001.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene, ‘The Geography of the Monastic Cell in Early Egyptian Monastic Literature’, in: Church History 78:4 (2009), pp. 756-791.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene, The Monastic Landscape of Late Antique Egypt: An Archaeological Reconstruction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2017.

Brooks Hedstrom, Darlene. ‘Divine Architects: Designing the Monastic Dwelling Place’, in: Roger S. Bagnall (ed.), Egypt in the Byzantine World, 300-700, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2009, pp. 368-389.

Brooks, Nicholas P., ‘England in the Ninth Cenmtury: The Crucible of Defeat’, in: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 29 (1979), pp. 1-20.

Brooks, Nicholas, ‘Henry Loyn Memorial Lecture: English Identity from bede to the Millenium’, in: The Haskins Society Journal 14 (2003), pp. 33-51.

Brooks, Nicholas, The Early History of the Church of Canterbury, Leicester: Leicester University Press 1996.

Brooks, Peter, Troubling Confessions: Speaking Guilt In Law and Literature, Chicago: University of Chicago Press 2001.

Brooten, Bernadette J., Love Between Women: Early Christian Responses to Female Homoeroticism, Chicago: University of Chicago Press 1996.

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Bruand, Olivier, ‘Autour des actes 2 et 4 du cartulaire de Saint-Symphorien d’Autun ou du bon usage de la falsification pour défendre un temporel monastique’, in: Annales de Bourgogne 83:1-3 (2011), pp. 197-210.

Bruand, Olivier, ‘Entre temps mérovingiens et post carolingiens: l'hagiographie avocat, défense des temporels et protection des réseaux de pouvoirs’, in: Françoise Laurent, Laurence Mathey-Maille and Michelle Szkilnik (eds.), Des saints et des rois L'Hagiographie au service de l'histoire, Paris: Honoré Champion 2014, pp. 61-79.

Bruand, Olivier, ‘La gestion du patrimoine des élites en Autunois. Le prieuré de Perrecy et ses obligés (fin IXe-Xe siècle)’, in: Jean-Pierre Deveroy, Laurent Feller and Régine Le Jan (eds.), Les Elites et la richesse au Haut Moyen Age, Turnhout: Brepols 2010, pp. 233-250.

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Brubaker, Leslie, ‘Material Culture and the Myth of Byzantium, 750-950’, in: Girolamo Arnaldi and Guglielmo Cavallo (eds.), Europa medievale e mondo bizantino, Rome: Istituto Storico Italiano per il Medioevo 1997, pp. 33-41.

Brubaker, Leslie, ‘Topography and the creation of public space in early medieval Constinople’, in: Mayke de Jong, Carine van Rhijn and Frans Theuws (eds.), Topographies of Power in the Early Middle Ages, Leiden/Boston/Köln: Brill 2001 (The Transformation of the Roman World, vol. 6), pp. 31-43.

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Brubaker, Leslie, Inventing Byzantine Iconoclasm, London: Duckworth 2011.

Bruce, Scott G., ‘“Lurking with Spiritual Intent”: A Note on the Origin and Functions of the Monastic Roundsman (circator)’, in: Revue bénédictine 109 (1999), pp. 75-89.

Bruce, Scott G., ‘“Lurking with Spiritual Intent”: a Note on the Origin and Functions of the Monastic Roundsman (circator)’, in: Revue bénédictine 109 (1999), pp. 75-89.

Bruce, Scott G., ‘An Abbot Between Two Cultures: Maiolus of Cluny Considers the Muslims of La Garde-Freinet’, in: Early Medieval Europe 15 (2007), pp. 426-440.

Bruce, Scott G., ‘Hagiography as Monstrous Ethnography: A Note on Ratramnus of Corbie’s Letter Concerning the Conversion of the Cynocephali’, in: Gernot Wieland, Carin Ruff and Ross C. Arthur (eds.), Insignis Sophiae Arcator: Essays in Honour of Michael Herren on his 65th Birthday, Turnhout: Brepols 2006 (Publications of the Journal of Medieval Latin, vol. 6), pp. 45-56.

Bruce, Scott G., ‘Local Sanctity and Civic Typology in Early Medieval Pavia: The Example of the Cult of Abbot Maiolus of Cluny’, in: Caroline Goodson, Anne E. Lester and Carol Symes (eds.), Cities, Texts and Social Networks, 400-1500: Experiences and Perceptions of Medieval Urban Space, Aldershot: Ashgate 2010, pp. 177-191.

Bruce, Scott G., ‘Monastic Sign Language in the Cluniac Customaries’, in: Susan Boynton and Isabelle Cochelin (eds.), From Dead of Night to End of Day: The Medieval Customs of Cluny / Du coeur de la nuit à la fin du jour: Les coutumes clunisiennes au Moyen Âge, Turnhout: Brepols, 2005 (Disciplina monastica, vol. 3), pp. 273-286.

Bruce, Scott G., ‘Nunc homo, cras humus: A Twelfth-Century Cluniac Poem on the Certainty of Death (Troyes, Médiathèque de l’Agglomeration troyenne 918, fols. 78v-79v)’, in: The Journal of Medieval Latin 16 (2006), pp. 95-110.

Bruce, Scott G., ‘Sources for the History of Monasticism in the Central Middle Ages (c. 800-1100)’, in: Alison I. Beach and Isabelle Cochelin (eds.), The Cambridge History of Medieval Monasticism in the Latin West, vol. 1, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2020, pp. 382-398. .

Bruce, Scott G., ‘Textual triage and pastoral care in the Carolingian age: the example of the Rule of Benedict’, in: Traditio 75 (2020), pp. 127–41.

Bruce, Scott G., ‘The Origins of Cistercian Sign Language’, in: Cîteaux: Commentarii cistercienses 52 (2001), pp. 193-209.

Bruce, Scott G., ‘The tongue is a fire: the discipline of silence in early medieval monasticism (400-1100)’, in: Edwin D. Craun (ed.), The Hands of the Tongue: Essays on Deviant Speech, Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute Publications 2007 (Studies in Medieval Culture, vol. 47), pp. 3-32.

Bruce, Scott G., Silence and Sign Language in Medieval Monasticism: The Cluniac Tradition c. 900-1200, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2007.

Bruce, Scott, Cluny and the Muslims of La Garde-Freinet Hagiography and the Problem of Islam in Medieval Europe, Ithaka/London: Cornell University Press 2015.

Brühl, Carlrichard, ‘Die merowingische Immunität’, in: Chiesa e mondo feudale nei secoli X-XII. Atti della dodicesima Settimana internazionale di studio Mendola, 24-28 agosto 1992, Mailand: Vita e Pensiero 1995 (Miscellanea del Centro di studi medioevali, vol. 14), pp. 27-44.

Brühl, Carlrichard, ‘Splendeur et misère de la diplomatique: Le cas de l’edition des diplômes royaux Mérovingiens de Bréquigny à Pertz’, in: id., Aus Mittelalter und Diplomatik, vol. 3: Studien zur Verfassungseschichte und Diplomatik (1984, 1988-1996), Hildesheim: Weidmann 1997 pp. 226-234.

Brühl, Carlrichard, Deutschland-Frankreich. Die Geburt zweier Völker, Köln: Böhlau 1990.

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Brundage, James A., ‘Sex and Canon Law: A Statistical Analysis of Samples of Canon and Civil Law’, in: James A. Brundage and Vern L. Bullough (eds.), Sexual Practices and the Medieval Church, Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books 1982, pp. 89-101 and pp. 247-249.

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Brunert, Maria-Elisabeth, Das Ideal der Wüstenaskese und seine Rezeption in Gallien bis zum Ende des 6. Jahrhunderts, Münster: Aschendorff 1994 (Beiträge zur Geschichte des alten Mönchtums und des Benediktinertums, vol. 42).

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